Carbon Footprint data of the IntoLife tool.
The IntoLife software tool developed by Will Nicholson. It is intended to give a measure of the environmental impact of food along the value chain from primary production, via processing, packing, wholesale, transports, etc. until the moment the food item reaches the restaurant. The full GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions of inputs used in these life cycle stages such as electricity, diesel, natural gas, packaging materials, fertilizers and pesticides are also included. In the same way, the GHG emissions associated with all outputs such as emissions to air, water and soil and emissions from waste handling are also included.
The tool can be used to assess the impact of a single food product, a meal, a complete menu and a restaurant. The tool contains data on CFP. It can also be used to calculate share of certified organic, ecolabelled and ethically produced products.
Østfoldforskning has been commissioned by IntoLife to evaluate the CFP data of the database. This is done by identifying best quality data and modifying data were data gaps have been found. Such modifications could be e.g. to add emissions from processing to restaurant delivery where no such data are available.
The CFP data are sometimes highly uncertain, which is caused by a combination of natural variation and variation in the way the LCA methodology has been applied in the studies from which the results have been collected. Care should thus be taken when using the tool, especially when making comparisons.
The functional unit used in this tool is mass for most food items and litres for beverages. Thus, there is no direct coupling of the FU to the actual function of the product. It is recommended that future versions of this tool use a functional unit more correlated with nutrition.